Making it deadly

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Naimat Khan

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KARACHI: Terrorists in Pakistan do not rely on industrial grade bombs. Instead, to target both law enforcers and ordinary civilians, they have relied on their own specialized cadres to make different kinds of bombs. On April 12, 2016, Karachi Police’s Counter Terror Department unearthed a facility used to make bombs in the Gadap town. In the raid one bomb maker named Muhammad Mujtaba aka Rehan was eliminated. One of his accomplices, named Abdul Saboor aka Hamad was killed, whereas anther, named Muhammad Murtaza, was arrested. Police also recovered 80 kg of explosive material, circuits, ball bearings, bottle bombs, tennis ball bombs, bomb manufacturing material, laptop, memory cards, and USBs.

Raja Umar Khattab, senior counter terrorism official who led the raid, told this scribe that the arrested Muhammad Murtaza aka Abu Huraira claims that the dead Rehan was the last expert bomb maker alive in the city. Rehan was the protege of Hashim aka Babu, a master bomb marker with 14 years of experience, especially car bombs. Babu was killed in a gunfight with the police in April 2015.

After Babu – who had put together the bomb manufacturing setup in Gadap town and supplied explosive devices to one Abdus Salam Sindhi of Liaquatabad – was killed, the Counter Terror Department’s assessment was that it had set back AQIS’s bomb making capability significantly. “After that shoot out, I thought that this was it. As I had extensively worked on hunting the bomb makers and dented all three groups – the brainwashers, the hit-men and bomb makers – of Al Qaeda in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), I believed that no locally made lethal weapon will be used by terrorists, at least for next couple of years,” Khattab told The Frontier Post.

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But six months later, on October 17, 2016, the police were surprised when terrorists hurled hand grenades at an Imambargah in Liaquatabad killing one child and leaving several women hurt. Media reported it as cracker blast. “For a while I believed that my assessment after April had been wrong,” Khattab told and added “but when we arrested Ishaq Booby and Asim Capri, accused of Amjad Sabri’s murder, they disclosed that they had hit the Shia Majlis with grenade having ball bearing wrapped to it”.

“The terrorists had wrapped ball bearings with it for ensuring it results maximum fatalities.” It was clear to Khattab then that Taliban and AQIS were innovating around their constraints.

In March 2013, the BBC Urdu first reported terrorists – normally knowing for using Russian made hand grenades and smoke grenades – were using the tennis ball bomb. The tennis ball bomb was an invention of the Taliban, according to the Police, working like a small bomb or cracker but had a bigger sound impact. Taliban increased its lethality by adding ball bearings of 2mm and nails. Such tennis ball bombs were made at the factory in Gadap Town.

The loss of the bomb making facility at Gadap is likely to hurt the Taliban as it comes on the back of sustained counter terror efforts by the law enforcement agencies.

“We have always known the TTP uses local bomb making factories, but with the success of Zarb-e-Azb, we know that their capabilities have been decimated,” according to Khalid Muhammad, Director General – CommandEleve, adding, “We also know that they have ‘imported’ bomb makers from AQAP and IS Khorasan to give them a more logistic advantage in quick hit attacks with IEDs, much like the tennis ball or shoe bomb”.

Muhammad is of the view that the security agencies must shut down capabilities of terrorists comprehensively, which they are currently doing.

“Second, we must get ahead of their technology by understanding what technology these groups have used in other battle spaces like Iraq and Syria,” he concludes.

They are for maximum terrorism, whether inventing new or adding more lethality to the factory-made, the terrorists will continue their search for deadly weapons to use, said another analyst.

Published in The Frontier Post 

Counter-terror experts give no credence to LEJ-A claim of Quetta police academy assault

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Naimat Khan

KARACHI: Counter-terrorism experts have rejected Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) Al-Almi’s claim of carrying out the Quetta police training academy attack, saying the banned outfit’s assertion meant for a mere re-branding.

The claim by Al-Almi, an offshoot of the LeJ – a Sunni sectarian outfit with its origins in Punjab – has not been established so far, says Raja Umar Khattab, a senior counter-terrorism official in Karachi, revealing that the claim by Afghanistan-based IS-Khurasan could be substantiated through evidences the outfit has provided with its claim on Tuesday. “Both organisations are, however, being operated from Afghanistan currently.”

Over 60 police cadets were killed when three heavily-armed militants wearing suicide vests stormed the police training centre on the outskirt of the capital city of Balochistan on October 24.

Interestingly, both the proscribed groups, Islamic State and Al-Almi, claimed responsibility with the latter saying it was assisting the Khurasan branch of the Middle Eastern terrorist organisation. IG Frontier Corps Major-General Sher Afgun said calls intercepted between the attackers and their handlers suggested they were from the LeJ.

“We came to know from the communication intercepts that there were three militants who were getting instructions from Afghanistan,” Afgun told reporters, adding, “The Al-Alami faction of LeJ was behind the attack.”

Read More: Elimination of Malik Ishaq no fatal blow to sectarian killings

The Islamic State’s Amaq news agency published the claim of responsibility, saying three IS fighters “used machine guns and grenades, and then blew up their explosive vests in the crowd”. A teenage attacker killed by security forces can be seen in IS media release, supporting the IS-Khurran’s claim.

“The calls may definitely be from Afghanistan as both the IS and LeJ Al-Almi are being operated from other side of the border,” the police official said. “Though LeJ and Al-Almi claimed the responsibility, the one IS-Khurasan with evidently true claim hasn’t mentioned any assistance from the sectarian outfit,” Khattab told The Frontier Post.

This is not the first terror act with multiple claims. In August, Quetta hospital was attacked that left 70 people, mostly lawyers, dead was claimed by the IS, and also by the banned Pakistani Taliban faction, Jamaatur Ahrar. However, according to Balochistan Chief Minister Sanaullah Zehri, India’s premier spy agency, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), was involved in the attack.

Though, Al-Alami earlier claimed responsibility for the targeted assassinations of four women of the Hazara Shia community in the provincial capital and the attack on a Shia Imambargah in Karachi, experts believe that the trend of attacking Shia community and law enforcement agencies by IS has emerged, without any role of the LeJ.

“Currently, several terrorist outfits, including IS, AQIS and TTP are found involved in sectarian-driven bloodletting,” the official said.

According to the police official, LeJ has the capability of target killing but it doesn’t seem to be capable of carrying out major terror attacks. “Lashkar-e-Jhangvi was formed in 2004 by Abid Mehsud, a mastermind of Hasan Turabi murder, but the group has never excelled.”

Currently, Yousuf Mansoor is running the organisation from Afghanistan whereas its Sindh chapter’s head, Safdar alias Abu Sufian, who is also the outfit’s spokesperson, is admitting most of the terror acts to remain in the news for attracting youths with militant and sectarian tendencies.

“The organisation’s claims haven’t been verified,” Khattab told this scribe, adding that the group has been unable to establish its own camp inside Pakistan or Afghanistan and has been sending its members to camps of other terrorist outfits.

According to security experts, the Al-Alami’s mother organisation, LeJ, has almost become dysfunctional after two of its most notorious leaders, i.e. Malik Ishaq, the chief of the terror outfit, and Usman Saifullah Kurd, the head of its Balochistan chapter, were killed in encounters with law enforcers.

Moreover, Hafiz Naeem Bukhari, the head of LeJ’s Karachi chapter; Asif Chotu, the commander from southern Punjab, and Qari Ramzan Mengal, the Quetta-chapter head, are in jail.

Read More: Writing on the wall

Reports suggested that the killings and arrests of its top leadership have hampered LeJ’s operational capabilities and dented its organisational infrastructure. “LeJ has never claimed responsibility,” the official added.

Meanwhile, Balochistan government on Wednesday formed an investigation team to probe into the Quetta carnage. “The support of Punjab’s forensic agency will also be sought,” Deputy IG Quetta Abdul Razzaq Cheema said. The team will visit the incident cite, speak to survivors and present its report soon, added Cheema.

Published in The Frontier Post

Karachi’s top bomb-maker is dead

Counterterrorism Department deals major blow to Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent 

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By: Naimat Khan

On April 13, the Counter Terrorism Department of Karachi killed two members of Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) in a gunfight in the Gadap Town locality, and seized weapons, explosives and equipment from a bomb factory that they unearthed.  Abdul Saboor and Muhammad Mujtaba died during the encounter, while Muhammad Murtaza was arrested.

During interrogation, Murtaza made some startling revelations.

“About 14 years ago, some militants from the Nazimabad neighborhood of Karachi parted ways with their organization Harkatul Mujahideen following a dispute. They renamed themselves Harkatul Mujahideen al Alami (HUMA), and orchestrated attacks on security forces, diplomatic missions and other targets of global importance,” according to Raja Umar Khattab, a senior cop fighting militancy and terrorism for more than 15 years.

In 2004, HUMA militants rented a shop in an apartment building in the city, and parked a van packed with 400 kilograms of explosives outside the premises to target the convoy of then president Gen Pervez Musharraf. The bomb couldn’t go off because of signal jammers, and the convoy passed safely.

It was the first group to use toy bombs

“The failed plan went unnoticed. The same van was later used in an attack on the American consulate in Karachi,” Raja Umar Khattab told me. The same year, the group orchestrated a bomb attack on a concert by the Indian vocalist Sonu Nigam in the port city. Then, they tried to target Americans staying at the airport hotel in a rocket attack, but the rockets went wayward and fell in Shah Faisal Colony.

HUMA was the first group to come up with toy bombs. The first such device was seized after an encounter with the police in the Kalakot area of the city.

By the end of 2008, most of the members of the group had been apprehended, and their plan to break Karachi’s central prison had been thwarted.

But because of weak prosecution and a lack of evidence, many of these militants were freed. Most of them fled to Afghanistan, where the group’s first chief Muhammad Imran, also known as Imran Bhai, was killed in a US drone strike.

Kamran Atif, the chief of the group’s Karachi chapter, was arrested in 2006 and served a life sentence.

In 2014, the militants associated with HUMA joined the AQIS en masse and took over its Pakistan branch. Their first emir is identified as Zarar, and also known by the names Naseem Bhai, Hanif Bhai and Ayub Bhai. He is stationed in Afghanistan, from where he directs the organization’s Pakistani and Bangladeshi chapters. “HUMA is the face of AQIS in Pakistan,” said Raja Umar Khattab.

Recent acts of terrorism in Karachi linked to the group include the murder of Dr Shakeel Auj and Urdu Blogger Aneeqa Naz, police say.

The AQIS Pakistan has three major wings, investigations have revealed.

One group, responsible for preaching, brainwashing and recruitment, consists of young people who have never been arrested and live normal lives at their homes in Karachi. They are hard to catch, police say, but stopping them is vital for eliminating the terrorist organization.

A second wing participates in militant activity. Most of its members are locals of Karachi, and people of Bengali and Burmese descent who have been born in the city.

The third wing consists solely of experts in manufacturing and planting bombs. Among its key members were a man identified as Hashim (nicknamed Babu) and another militant identified as Muhammad Mujtaba (also known as Rehan). The two men had arrived in Karachi as explosives experts for the group. Hashim, who had 14 years of experience in bombs and explosives, especially car bombs, was killed in a gunfight with police in April last year. Mujtaba – who had put together the bomb manufacturing setup in Gadap town and supplied explosive devices to one Abdus Salam Sindhi of the Liaquatabad neighborhood – was killed in the April 13 encounter.

In January 2016, the group resumed its activities using low-intensity bombs, referred to as crackers. Law enforcement agencies began to notice similarities between various blasts, and investigations led them to the two men killed on April 13.

The AQIS is a distinct organization, separate from another Al Qaeda group in Karachi, and the group of young militants in Karachi who are inspired by ISIS, according to Raja Umar Khattab.

An independent Al Qaeda group led by Umar Jalal began its own journey about the time AQIS was formed. A third IS-inspired group of youth, which attacked American professor Debra Lobo, killed human rights activists Sabeen Mahmud, and carried out the Safoora bus shooting, is a separate entity.

The AQIS is directed by Al Qaeda’s central leadership from Afghanistan’s Bramcha area, according to police. But heightened security at the border has made it very difficult, if not impossible, for the network in Karachi to communicate with the Bramcha leadership, Raja Umar Khattab said. “They are now using memory cards, USB flash drives, and unsent draft emails for passing on messages to the network in Karachi,” the arrested man told the investigators. Police believes the killing of Mujtaba is a major breakthrough, but analysts say it may not be enough to eliminate the group.

“To counter transitional militants, such as those involved with the AQIS, the government should form a serious counterterrorism strategy,” says Zia Ur Rehman, a Karachi based author and security analyst. “Identifying and distinguishing such militants is a proper intelligence-gathering exercise, which need strong collaboration among all law enforcement and intelligence agencies.”

For decades, groups like Harkatul Mujahideen have been allowed to change their names and reconstitute themselves, without any reprisal from the government, experts say, and that is where the problem lies.

“As they reconstitute, they look for new friends and allies. Al Qaeda and IS are the easiest choices in today’s plethora of militant groups,” says Khalid Muhammad, the director general of Islamabad-based think tank CommandEleven.

He says weak prosecution is another problem. Tahir Mihnas, the prime suspect of the Safoora carnage, and almost all the current leaders of AQIS including its Pakistani chief, were arrested in the past but have come out of jails.

“A report issued by the US State Department a few years ago discussed this exact issue – the release of hardcore terrorists from Pakistani jails,” says Khalid Muhammad. The report stated that Pakistan’s judiciary had released three out of four terrorism suspects that were brought to courts. “The reasons included loss of evidence, intimidation of witnesses, and fear of violence against the judge and his family.”

Zia Ur Rehman says it is hard to predict if military courts will solve these problems. “Only time will tell.”

 Published in The Friday Times 

Notorious TTP commander Khan Zaman back in Karachi

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By: Naimat Khan

KARACHI: Khan Zaman aka Gongay, Karachi chief of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan’s Khan Said Sajna group has arrived in the restive metropolis amid a rigorous pursuit of the militants by law enforcers, it was reliably learnt here on Friday.

The TTP commander had left Karachi after Taliban infighting in the city some while ago. “But now as the city’s militants are fighting a war of their survival amid a successful surgical operation by the law enforcers, especially Rangers, he came back to the city in order to buck up his militants” an intelligence source said.

The TTP commander had been unable to effectively operate his faction from remote, which forced him to turn back to his battle ground, source added.
Intelligence sources had informed this scribe in late January this year of a ‘planning’ being done by Khan Zaman to carry out a guerilla attack on the pattern of ‘Peshawar massacre’ in Karachi.

The TTP commander, instead of using foreign nationals and Pashtun ethnic militants, had dispatched three Baloch and four Punjabis to the city in order to carry out another lethal attack.

“But due to heightened security measures and coordinated efforts of the intelligence and security agencies the terrorists were unsuccessful in their evil designs” security sources opine, who see the arrival of Khan Zaman aka Gongay to the city very important from security point of view.
At least four factions of Taliban – Hakimullah Mehsud, Wali-ur-Rehman, Mohmand and Swat group – are active in the city, however, dozens of their commanders and militants were either killed in police and Rangers encounters or they lost their lives in severe infighting between the TTP groups.
“After tuft war between the Taliban factions the Wali-ur-Rehman group has emerged strong in the city” told a senior police officer.
Though police later took away the credit of killing, insiders in the law enforcement agency tell Khan Zaman had killed Sher Khan Mehsud, an important operational commander of Hakimullah Mehsud faction in Karachi which gave upper hand to the Wali-ur-Rehman group.
Later Khan Said aka Sajna, the successor of Wali-ur-Rehman, further strengthened the group.
However, the ongoing operation has completely broken their backbone and now they are paddled for a last war with hope of survival.
The valiant soldiers and police personnel will not let them successful in the design, a police officer told.

Originally published here

Eight JUI-F men among 554 in Sindh terror watch list

The JUF Chief, Maulana Fazl-Ur-Rehman  who is know for his best political art in Pakistan
The JUF Chief, Maulana Fazl-Ur-Rehman who is know for his best political art in Pakistan

By: Naimat Khan

KARACHI: Eight members of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) are among 554 persons who are enlisted in ‘forth schedule of anti terrorism act (ATA)-1997’ of Sindh province, it emerged here on Thursday.

JUI-F, a religio-political party, is coalition partner in the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz’s federal government. The faction of Maulana Mufti Mahmud’s Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) is led by his son Maulana Fazlur Rehman, who despite having just five senators in a house of 104 got his man Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haideri elected as Deputy Chairman Senate, the upper house of the Pakistan legislature.

JUI-F has two portfolios in federal cabinet whereas the party chief, who heads the Kashmir Committee, is also enjoying the status of a federal minister. The party also holds top slot in the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII), the permanent recommendatory body on Shariah matters.

Highly credible sources told that the Sindh has placed 554 individuals, suspects and members of 22 organizations, mostly proscribed, who are monitored by the agencies whereas their movements, accounts and communications are also scrutinized.
According to the Sindh Police’s report, eight of them have association with JUI-F, thus astonishingly making it the only political party having representation in the watch list. The person likely posing threat to public peace and security is placed under the watch list, fourth schedule of Anti Terrorism Act (ATA) 1997.

It is the government prerogative to place any person under Fourth Schedule who has been associated with any militant or sectarian organization in the past or has been involved in criminal activities in the past but assures through affidavit that he would no more be associated with any banned militant or sectarian organization or engage in any criminal activity.

According to a report, which was prepared by IGP Sindh for presentation in the Karachi law and order meeting, 216 members of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), which is now working under the nomenclature of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ) are enlisted in for the schedule.

Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, another banned sectarian outfit, is second and has 51 members in the list. As many as 42 members each of the Shia sectarian proscribed organizations, namely Tehreek-Jafria Pakistan and Sipah-e-Mohammad Pakistan are placed on the schedule for agencies’ watch. Outlaw Jihadist organizations, Jesh-e-Mohammad and Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistani, have 27 and 36 men in the list, respectively.

The reports stated that 20 people, who have either returned from Afghan Jihad or released from local and foreign detentions are also in the list. Eighteen suspicious persons belonging to Shia sect and 14 other suspicious persons with no evident affiliation are among those enlisted under the forth schedule of ATA-1997 of Sindh Government.

Members of Jindullah, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen Al-Almi, Hizb-ut-Tehreer, Lashkar-e-Islam, Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), Alhle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ), Pakistan Sunni Tehreek, MQM-H, Harkatul Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Jihad, Khudam-ul-Islam, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (LeT), Milt-e-Islamia, Imamia Student Organization (ISO) and Jey Sindh Motaheda Mohaaz (JSMM) and 5 other suspicious persons belonging to Devband sect are enlisted by the Sindh Government in forth Schedule.

 

The Story was originally Published here 

TTP chooses female bombers for carrying out fresh attacks

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By: Naimat Khan

KARACHI: With heightened security measures being taken by the security agencies, the terrorists have now planned to carry out fresh attacks with female suicide bombers, discloses a ‘threat alert’ sent by the federal interior ministry to the provincial governments of the country.

The lady bombers easily escape search due to lack of lady searchers at most of the places, increasing the ratio of their success that’s why the terrorists have planned to use them for bombing innocent people, law enforcement agencies and sensitive installations, sources said.

“It has been learnt that Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan is planning to carryout terrorist activity against Law Enforcement Agencies, sensitive installations and security personnel” warns a letter sent to received by the Sindh Home Department.

According to sources a suicide bombers team, including female bombers, has been selected for the tasks.

The provinces have been advised to adopt extreme vigilance and heightened security. “Special measures may be taken to avoid any untoward incident” the letter states.

The provincial Government and sub-ordinate departments have also been cautioned to take strict security measures for security of sensitive installation, headquarters of LEAs and the residences of high-ups while ensuring extensive body searches and particularly arrange women staff to not let any woman go without proper search.

TTP has the history of using female bombers for attacks however no such incident has been witnessed in the recent past.
A female suicide bomber was killed when she tried to take explosive material inside an Imambargah near Khalid Bin Waleed Road Karachi in December 2013.

In June last year Karachi police had claimed to identify two sister bombers who were indoctrinated by the arrested Lashkar-e-Jhangvi militants.

Police sources said the women being vulnerable to indoctrination by militants and extremists can be used as suicide bombers however it was difficult to hunt them as compared to male terrorists.

Last year Lal Majid cleric, Maulana Abdul Aziz in an interview with Bloomberg News had claimed that the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan had  500 female suicide bombers who were ready to act.

Originally Published here 

Pakistan kicks off massive operation against 1200 militants, terrorists across Sindh

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Naimat Khan

KARACHI: The Sindh Government has directed provincial Police to kick off massive crackdown against militants, terrorists belonging to different proscribed organizations, which, the sources said, will be carried out with assistance and close coordination of the paramilitary forces. The list of 1200 militants, terrorists and members of the proscribed organizations received from federal interior ministry by the provincial government has been forwarded to Deputy Inspector General (DIGs) of police with instructions to rigorously start the chase after them, an officer in the Sindh Home Department told.

Sources informed those in the list include members of Al-Qaeda, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Jundullah, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Sepah-e-Sahaba Pakistan.

Sources said though the operation would be carried out in each town and city of the province, Karachi, Hyderabad, Larkana, Jamshor, Thatha, Badin, Tando Allahyar, and Tando Muhammad Khan would be given special focus where major chunk of the 18 million affectees of the Zarb-i-Azb operation has been settled.

Sources said in total contradiction with the claims by provincial government to have screened the entry of each and every Internally Displaced Person (IDP), the authorities in Sindh now believe that many of the militants have also infiltrated under the shelter of the affectees.

In this connection a letter was dispatched to the office of Inspector General Police Sindh and all deputy inspectors general of Police in Sindh on Monday, 29th Dec, 2014 with clear directions to start a massive search operation in order to unearth terrorists’ hideouts.

Earlier, the ministry of interior in the capital in a letter dated 21st December 2014 had instructed provincial government that district police’s SSP must be tasked to remain very vigilant in the areas and localities which could possibly be potential hideouts.

According to letter, a copy of which is also available with this daily, the Senior Superintendents of the Sindh Police have also been tasked to “identify the terrorists on account of the ongoing war against terror which has led to a lot of disruption among the terrorists groups”.

“It is important not to let them find a place of refugee from where they can plan a resumption of terrorist activities” the police officers have been instructed.

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They are also made bound to report the progress regarding search operations and success, if any, on daily basis to Sindh home department for onward transmission to the office of National Coordinator, National Counter terrorism authority, minister of interior, sources said.

The news was originally published here